Kenya Tanzania Budget Safari
Our Kenya Tanzania budget safari package combines the best parks in the region. The tour begins in Nairobi and ends in Arusha. We normally use safari vehicles which have pop up roofs ideal for game viewing.
We normally use safari vehicles which have pop up roofs ideal for game viewing. Meals are served in buffet style with assorted fruits and desserts. We also cater for special diets [Vegetarian meals]. You can opt for a group joining safari or a private safari.
The thrill of safariing in the East African wilderness is an adventure that should be in every one’s bucket list. Our tours gives you the opportunity to experience first hand the diversity in terms of culture as you socialize with the locals as well as the thrill of game viewing.
Contact us today and embark on a Kenya Tanzania safaris of your dreams which is pocket friendly without compromising services like game drives, accommodation and you will also enjoy the services of our experienced driver guides who have enormous knowledge on wildlife as well as different sceneries in the country.
Kenya Tanzania Budget Safari Itinerary
NAIROBI – SAMBURU
A representative from goshawk tours will meet you at your hotel or pick you up from the airport and after briefing you he or she will introduce you to your safari guide and other members undertaking the Kenya Tanzania budget safari. You will be driven to the northern frontier.
This area is a semi desert and thus very dry most of the year. Lunch en route arriving samburu late afternoon. After settling in the tent go for the evening game drive.
Game to view includes the Big five, antelopes, gazelles, baisa oryx, grevy’s zebra, reticulated giraffe, Somali ostrich, gerenuk and abundant bird life. Dinner and overnight at the umoja campsite.
On this day you will have morning and evening game drives. A visit to the Ewaso Ngiro river is most rewarding because it’s the only source of water that sustains the wildlife in this reserve.
Wild animals converge at the river to quench their thirst. Samburu people and their culture is another attraction and on request the driver guide can take you to the samburu village to experience their culture. All meals and overnight at the umoja campsite.
SAMBURU – LAKE NAKURU
Pre breakfast game drive, depart and drive to Lake Nakuru arriving in the after noon; lunch en route. On arrival you will head directly to the park for your evening game drive. Lake Nakuru is often referred to as a birds paradise because of the millions of pink flamingos found here.
The lakes view from the baboon cliff depicts a pink colour due to the feather colouring of the flamingos hence the name “Pink Lake”.
The park hosts 450 million different bird species both migratory and terrestrial. The park is a world heritage site and recognized as a wet land of international importance. Lake Nakuru has over 50 mammal species and also serves as Black and white rhino sanctuary.
The park is home to the highest population of black rhino in Kenya along with white rhinos introduced from south Africa. There are no elephants at Lake Nakuru simply because of the size of the park, elephants require a large area with lots of vegetation to feed on. Dinner and overnight at the guest house or budget hotel in Nakuru town.
LAKE NAKURU – MASAI MARA
Depart early morning and head to Masai Mara; lunch en route at Narok town. Proceed on arriving Masai Mara in the afternoon. The world re known Masai Mara is famed for the millions of wildebeest, gazelles and zebras that cross the Mara river forming the wildebeest migration spectacle.
You will be assisted to check into your respective tents and then head out for your evening game drive. Dinner and overnight at either (Mara sidai, Enchoro, Manyatta, Mara Springs, acacia campsites)
Today we will have a full day game drive; after waking up you will converge at the dinning area for your full breakfast. Your safari guide will liaise with the cook so as to organize for your picnic lunches. Head out in search of game.
Masai Mara has an exceptional population of big cats, herds of elephants, zebras, resident wildebeest, antelopes and gazelles can be encountered among others, bird life is also plenty. Masai Mara game reserve offers a very high chance of spotting all the big five.
Spend the whole day game viewing which includes a visit to the Mara river where you will find crocodiles lazing around. One has the option to visit the Masai village or go for an early balloon ride at an extra cost.
Another option is to return to the camp by four o’clock and after having a cup of coffee or tea head out for an escorted walking safari with a masai warrior. Dinner and overnight at either (Mara sidai, Enchoro, Manyatta, Mara Springs, acacia campsite)
MASAI MARA – LAKE NAIVASHA
Depart Masai Mara after breakfast as you do a game drive. Drive to Lake Naivasha arriving in time for lunch. On arrival at fish eagle camp you will be assisted into your respective tents. After lunch Transfer to hell’s gate park on arrival your driver guide will introduce you to your adventure guide.
Your guides will hire mountain bikes and after park formalities begin cycling a midst game, notably there no predators. We will have a stop over at Fitcher’s tower for rock climbing.
The rock is 500 meters high. Continue cycling up to the ranger’s post. You leave the bikes at the ranger’s post and start a walking safari. Enjoy the spectacular views of the gorge including the central tower. The volcanic activity is very evident from the hot water streaming on the walls of the gorge.
The guided gorge walk takes two hours. The hot springs and a fabulous scenic landscape besides the diverse wildlife are just incredible. Walk back to pick your bikes and cycle back to the park entrance. Transfer back to camp for dinner and over night.
LAKE NAIVASHA – AMBOSELI
Have an early breakfast and go to the lake for a boat ride. Lake Naivasha is at the highest point off all the lakes within the Rift Valley. The lake is at 1800 meters above sea level and it is a fresh water lake.
The lake has abundant birdlife and most extravagant fish eagle is very common. Depart and head to Amboseli via Nairobi, where you will have lunch and proceed on arriving Amboseli well in time for the evening game drive.
Amboseli has a wide variety of wildlife raging from the Big five, cats, plains game and birdlife. Dinner and overnight at Kimana Camp.
Wake up early enough to the most intoxicating view of Mt. Kilimanjaro which seats majestically as the back drop of this amazing park, on a clear day the snow peaks are visible. After breakfast head out for the morning game drive which provides the opportunity to see the most since wild game come out to hunt or browse/graze very early before the sun becomes to hot.
Amboseli has the highest population of elephants and has been the centre for elephant research for the last thirty years with each individual known by name. The game drive will include a visit to the outlook post which gives you the opportunity to have an aerial view of the Amboseli plains.
Return to the campsite for lunch and spend the afternoon at leisure or take a walk around the camp making friends. Head out for the evening game drive; large herds of elephants can be encountered. Amboseli has a variety of bird life both migratory and terrestrial. All meals and overnight at Kimana Camp.
Amboseli – Namanga Border – Lake Manyara
Depart Amboseli after breakfast and drive to the Namanga border and after formalities proceed to Lake Manyara arriving by mid day. Pitch tent as you wait for lunch to be prepared. Spend the afternoon at leisure and later go for the evening game drive.
Lake Manyara is 230 kilometers squared while the whole park is 330 kilometers squared inclusive of the lake. Lake Manyara is located under the wall of the Rift Valley and has the highest population of elephants per square kilometer in the country.
If you’re lucky, you’ll catch a glimpse of Manyara’s famous tree-climbing lions. The lake attracts thousands of lesser flamingos as well as other large water birds such as pelicans, cormorants and storks, due to its alkaline nature. Dinner and overnight at Jambo campsite.
Lake Manyara – Serengeti
Pre Breakfast game drive which offers you an opportunity to view game you might have missed, return to the camp for your full breakfast. Depart and head to Serengeti passing through Olduvai Gorge, a fossil site excavated by the leakey family where they discovered human fossil dating back 2 million years.
Lunch at the Olduvai gorge; later proceed to the world famous Serengeti National Park. Serengeti is one of the largest wildlife sanctuary in the world and it is also the site of the most breathtaking events in the animal kingdom.
The migration of over a million of wildebeest to the Masai Mara game reserve. After settling in the campsite and pitching tent head out for the evening game drive. Dinner and overnight at the Seronera campsite.
Serengeti means “endless plain” in the Masai language and much of the landscape epitomizes what we have come to expect from an East African safari; vast open savannahs dotted with acacia trees, rocky outcrops, riverine bushes, scrubs, rivers and swamps.
These features give Serengeti a fascinating variety of sceneries. The day is spent exploring this amazing park with morning and evening game drive. The parks wildlife population is over 4 million and over 400 bird species both migratory and terrestrial. Meals and over night at Seronera campsite.
Serengeti – Ngorongoro Crater
After breakfast you will have a morning game drive which offers you an opportunity to view game you might have missed, return to the camp for your full breakfast and shortly depart afterwards.
Drive to Ngorongoro crater; lunch en route arriving in the afternoon. Pitch tent at the campsite which is at the rim of the crater and take a guided walking tour on the crater rim this offers amazing view of the crater. Dinner and overnight at Simba campsite.
Ngorongoro Crater – Arusha
Have breakfast early and descend 2000 meters with a four wheel drive vehicle to the floor of the crater. Ngorongoro crater is commonly referred to as the “Garden of Eden” and the park is inhabited by about 30,000 animals, of which half are zebra and wildebeest.
The park has recorded over 14000 wildebeest. Tanzania’s few remaining black rhino are regularly sighted in the crater, as are large herds of buffalos. On the crater floor and in the Ngoitokitok swamps, reside plenty of hippos who remain partially submerged during the day and graze on grass at night. Bird life is also abundant.
Spend the day exploring this natural habitat taking a break to have a picnic lunch. Later ascend back to the campsite for dinner and overnight.
Ngorongoro Crater – Tarangire
After breakfast depart and head to Tarangire National Park arriving in time for lunch. Pitch tent while the cook prepares lunch. Spend the afternoon at leisure and later go for the evening game drive. Tanzania’s third largest national park and sanctuary for an unusually large elephant population.
Majestic baobab trees are an interesting feature of the park, dwarfing the animals that feed beneath them. Animals concentrate along the Tarangire River, which provides the only permanent water supply in the area. Tarangire is famous for its tree climbing pythons.
Game to view in this park includes zebras, heartbeests, elephants, buffalos, waterbucks, gazelles, oryx and abundant birdlife. Dinner and overnight at the campsite.
Tarangire – Arusha
Pre breakfast game drive; depart the lodge by 6:30 A.M and this will give you the opportunity to view the African sun rise and you will also get the chance to spot any game species you might have missed on our previous game drives.
Return to the camp around mid morning; your full breakfast will be served and afterwards depart and drive to Arusha arriving in time for lunch. Drop off at a hotel in Arusha where your Kenya Tanzania budget safari ends.
- Transport in a custom safari minibus & 4×4 land rover with pop up roof.
- All park entrance fees.
- Meals as described in the itinerary.
- Game drives and other activities as described in the itinerary
- Services of an English speaking driver guide.
- Complimentary Bottled water 1 Litre per person per day.
- All government taxes.
- International airfares.
- All expenditure of personal nature such as telephone calls, hard drinks, soft drinks and laundry.
- Travel Insurance.
Kenya Tanzania Budget Safari Accommodation
Samburu Camping is in form of permanent erected tents, which have beds, bathroom with hot water, flush toilets inside the permanent tents.
There is a common dinning area where meals are served and a bar. Fresh food is prepared in the camp site in a buffet style. In the evening there is a bonfire and the Masai warriors entertain you as you relax.
Most campsites use generators as the source of lighting and the generators are turned off at 1000 – 1100 hrs. Most preferable is Umoja Campsites which is built along the river thus one can view game from the campsite.
Lake Nakuru has a guest house called Naishi guest house which has accomodation in dormitory kind of sharing and bandas. Meals are prepared by our cook.
There are two public campsites namely Makalia and Backpackers where one can pitch tent. Another type of accommodation is budget hotels in Nakuru town which is a five minutes drive to the park.
Masai mara camping offers accommodation in form of permanent erected tents, which have beds, beddings, mosquito nets, flush toilets and hot showers. Beddings are changed every morning and you also provided with a towel. A tent can accommodate one, two or three people.
We also have family tents. There is a common dining area where meals are served and a bar. Fresh food is prepared in a buffet style by our cook. We also cater for special dietaries. In the evening there is a bonfire and the masai warriors entertain you as you relax.
Most campsites use generators as the source of lighting and the generators are turned off at 1000 – 1100 hrs. Some of the camps are located right outside the boundary of the Masai Mara though there isn’t a clear demarcation or fence of the game reserve.
Wild animals some time wonder in the camps but the camps are very safe and Masai warriors are always on the look out.
Lake Naivasha budget accommodation comes in form of campsites, bandas, cottages or budget hotels at Naivasha town which is about 20 minutes drive to lake Naivasha.
We recommend Cray fish camp, Fish Eagle cottages, Fishermans camp and Camp Carnelley’s. All this facilities are at a close proximity to the lake.
Amboseli budget camping accommodation in form of budget campsites or guest houses. The tents are permanently erected and are furnished, they have beds with flush toilets and hot showers. Kindly note that some campsites have toilets and bathrooms outside the tent. The campsite has a common dinning area where guest take their meals.
Most campsites use generators as the source of lighting and the generators are turned off at 1000 – 1100 hrs. Some of the camps are located right outside the boundary of the Amboseli though there isn’t a clear demarcation or fence of the park. Animals some time wonder in the camps but the camps are very safe and Masai warriors are always on the lookout. In the evening there is a bonfire and the Masai warriors entertain you as you relax. Fresh foods are prepared by our cook. We also cater for special dietaries.
Lake Manyara budget camping varies from pitching a two man dome tent in a public campsite, facilities at the public campsite a long drop toilet. You are expected to help with pitching tent and taking it down.
This can be referred to as basic camping. The other form of camping available is middle range where you find permanent erected tents with beddings, flush toilets and hot showers. Facilities include swimming pool and a bar.
For those of you who are new to camping, don’t worry; all tents are easy to erect, your friendly guide will give a demonstration and are around to help you out.
Serengeti National Park budget camping comes in form of public campsites which number up to nine, six around seronera, one at Kirawira in the Western Corridor, and one near Ndabaka Gate in the far west along the Mwanza-Musoma road.
The camps have well maintained toilets, hot showers heated by firewood (the firewood is bought at Karatu) and it is possible to visit the lodge bars and restaurants in the evening. Wild animals frequently visit the campsite which is not fenced, you should move with caution.
There are also several rest houses at Seronera with running water, blankets and cooking facilities. You’ll need to bring your own food, although there’s a small shop at Seronera selling soft drinks, water and a few basics.
All accommodation at Ngorongoro crater is ideally perched at the rim of the crater, while others are at a short driving distance to the crater. There isn’t any form of accommodation within the crater.
Amenities offered by the lodge include a bar, gift shops, wifi, conference facilities, spas, satellite tv and different sport activities. The lodges include Ngorongoro sopa lodge, Ngorongoro Wildlife Lodge, Ngorongoro Serena Safari Lodge, Ngorongoro Crater Lodge, Gibbs Farm, Ngorongoro Farm House and Tloma Lodge.
Tarangire National Park budget camping includes a public campsite located 5km south of the park gate. The public campsite has a capacity of 50 beds. The camp is owned and managed by TANAPA.
The campsite has toilets or pit latrines, showers and dining facilities. Public campsites offer minimal facilities and need to be booked one month in advance, we can provide portable facilities on request.
Parks & Reserves Facts
Samburu game reserve is the most popular parks of the northern frontier fauna sanctuaries. The game park occupies an area of 165 km2. The driving distance from Nairobi is 350 km and 65km from Isiolo town to achers post gate. The park lies on the northen bank of Uaso Nyiro River, the river serves as the only source of water without which the game in the reserve could not survive in the arid country.
Samburu National Reserve was one of the two areas in which conservationists George Adamson and Joy Adamson raised Elsa the Lioness made famous in the best selling book and award winning movie Free. The Samburu National Reserve is also home of Kamunyak, a lioness famous for adopting oryx calves.
Samburu’s topography is composed of river Uaso Nyiro which flows from the Kenyan highlands and flows to lorian swamp, scattered acacia, riverine forest, thorn trees and grassland vegetation. The climate for Samburu is hot dry with cool nights with an average annual maximum temperature of 30ºc (86F) and minimum annual temperature of 20ºc (68F).
There is a wide variety of animal and bird life seen at Samburu National Reserve. Several species are considered unique to the region, including its ts unique dry-country animal life: All three big cats, lion, cheetah and leopard, can be found here, as well as elephants, buffalo and hippos, Olive baboon, gerenuk, warthogs, Grant’s gazelle, Kirk’s dik-dik, impala, waterbuck, Grevy’s zebra, Beisa oryx, reticulated giraffe and over 350 bird species.
Samburu is also a masai land, the Masai people whom by definition speak the Maa language hence the name Maasai have held on to their culture even in these times of modernization. A maasai’s home is called a manyatta where he lives with his wives and children.
From childhood boys are obligated to look after their fathers cows while girls are obligated to doing house chores, fetching water and milking the cows. After every fifteen years there is an initiation where boys are circumcised and they become young morans and the existing morans graduate to junior elders.
The Masai enjoy eating meat, milk mixed with blood during rituals such initiation and marriage. The use of herbs as medicine is still embedded in their day to day life. The Maasai are an attraction in Kenya since they managed to stick to their culture.
Lake Nakuru is one of the alkaline lakes of the Great Rift Valley. Lake Nakuru is also known as “Pink Lake” or Africa Bird’s Paradise. The lake is ideally located in central Kenya within Lake Nakuru National park. The park occupies an area of 188 km2 while the lake occupies an area of 62 km2.
The lake is famous for the millions of flamingos that flock the lake although flamingos are unpredictable birds and are not always to be found in the lake is such vast numbers. From a distance i.e. the baboon cliff the lake looks pink in color due to the flamingos.
The topography at Lake Nakuru is comprised of grasslands alternating with rocky cliffs and outcrops, acacia woodlands and a forest made up euphorbia trees. In the early 1960’s tilapia grahami was introduced to the lake and it flourished despite the alkaline nature of the lake.
There are two species of flamingos namely lesser flamingo and greater flamingos, they feed on algae, which flourishes due to the warm alkaline waters of Lake Nakuru. It is believed that flamingos consume about 250,000 kg of algae per hectare of surface area per year. The abundance of algae in the lake is what attracts millions of flamingos to Lake Nakuru.
Apart from flamingos other bird species include ducks, pelicans, cormorants, plovers, vultures, eagles, and buzzards. Lake Nakuru has over 50 animal species which include hippos, reed bucks, water bucks, rothschild giraffe’s, baboons, black and white columbus monkey, hyenas, cheetahs, leopards, lions, gazelles and impalas among others.
The world re known masai mara game reserve is a northern extension of the serengeti national park which is located in Tanzania. Masai mara covers an area of 1510km². The masai mara ecosystem is composed of rivers i.e talek river and mara river which are the main water supply for the ecosystem.
The mara river is a huddle to the wildebeest migration as the wildebeests have to cross the river from serengeti most of them perishing in the jaws of crocodiles and big cats. The western part of masai mara lies the siria escarpment, loita plains and the rest is the masai pastoral land.
The masai mara game reserve is owned and run by the county council of Narok which is the richest county council in Kenya due to the revenue collected as park entrance fee. Part of the masai mara which is called the mara triangle is contracted out and privately run. Park fees are paid by the number of nights one spends in the mara conservancy.
The masai mara lies at an altitude of 1500 meters to 2100 meters. It rains twice a year in the game reserve that is during the long rains that fall between the month of March and May and during the short rains that fall on the month of October, November and part of December. June and July are the coldest months and January and February the hottest months.
Temperatures during the day rarely exceed 85°F (30°C) and during the night it hardly drops below 60°F (15°C). Masai mara is a mosquito prone area but camp site are sprayed with mosquito repellants and the tents have treated mosquito nets.
Masai mara has a big population of wildlife. All members of the big five can be seen in this reserve, a large number of ungulates are also easily visible they include the wildebeest , thomson gazelles, grant gazelles, buffalos, rhinos, impalas, topis, elands, zebras, giraffes and duikers.
The common predators include the lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, jackals and foxes. Masai mara has over 450 identified species. Some common birds include the common ostrich, secretary bird, Kori bustard, hornbills, storks, eagles and vultures.
The wildebeest migration happens annually, this spectacle is considered as one of the 7th wonder of the world. More than a million wildebeest, accompanied by topis, zebras, gazelles and elands make their journey from serengeti national park to masai mara game reserve. Many of them perish while crossing the mara river where crocodiles and big cats make a kill on the vulnerable ungulates.
The migration happens every year during the month of July after the long rains. The grass is big and plenty and for the next three months the wildebeests clear the lush grass of the masai mara. The migration varies annually due to the climate change. If the climate changes and it doesn’t rain as usual the wildebeest may delay to cross over or cross over and go back since there isn’t grass to feed on.
The masai people whom by definition speak the maa language hence the name masai have held on to their culture even in these times of modernization. A masai’s home is called a manyatta where he lives with his wives and children. From childhood boys are obligated to look after their fathers cows while girls are obligated to doing house chores, fetching water and milking the cows.
After every fifteen years there is an initiation where boys are circumcised and they become young morans and the existing morans graduate to junior elders. The masai enjoy eating meat, milk mixed with blood during rituals such initiation and marriage. The use of herbs as medicine. Their culture is still embedded in their day to day life. The masai are a big attraction in Kenya.
Lake Naivasha is at the highest elevation of all the Kenyan Rift valley lakes standing at 1,890 metres (6,200 ft). The lake is fed by two river namely malewa and gilgil rivers, and has no visible outlet. The lake covers an area of 140 km² but this varies annually due to the rainfall. The lake has an average depth of 8 meters and it is a fresh water lake.
Much of the lake is surrounded by forests of the yellow barked Acacia Xanthophlea, known as the yellow fever tree. These forests abound with bird life, and Naivasha is known as a world class birding destination. The lake habits schools of hippos and many bird species. The most common is the fish eagle. A wonderful way to spend the afternoon or morning is to take a boat ride.
Amboseli National Park is located south of Nairobi 140 kilometers which is a four hours drive from Nairobi. The park occupies an area of 392 km2. The ecosystem is made up of a seasonal lake called Lake Amboseli where the park derives its name from, swamps, open plains, acacia woodland, rocky out crops, thorn bushes and marches.
The landscape is dominated by the backdrop of the majestic snow-cap of Mount Kilimanjaro the highest mountain in Africa. The snow capes are visible when the clouds are clear mainly early morning and late evenings and this scene gives one the opportunity to capture wonderful memories on camera for friends and loved ones back at home.
Amboseli national park is considered Kenya second best after Masai Mara game reserve by many tourist and is the only national park in Kenya that has the highest population of elephants. The ecosystem of Amboseli though small compared to other parks sustain a large number of bird species and game.
Amboseli offers some of the best opportunities to see African animals because its vegetation is sparse due to the long dry months. The park is considered most ideal for writers, filmmakers and researchers.
The Masai are the local habitant of this area, which they call Empusel meaning “Dusty place”. Other community tribes have moved to Amboseli in search of greener pastures. Beside game viewing and the ecstatic views of Mount Kilimanjaro one can visit a local Masai village to learn their way of life and to interact with the locals.
Lake Manyara lies 127 kilometers west of Arusha town a driving distance if 2 hours. The park covers an area of 330 km2 which consist of dry arid land, forest and the lake. The Lake covers an area of 200 km2 and its alkaline, the lake dries up during the dry season and it almost non existence.
Most of the land area of the park is a narrow strip running between the Gregory Rift wall to the west and Lake Manyara to the east. Ernest Hemingway once described the park as “the loveliest I had seen in Africa.
The park’s terrain is vast and impressive including large areas of ground water forest with giant fig and mahogany trees alternating with acacia woodlands and open plains. A good network of roads and tracks gives the tourist a maximum game and bird watching opportunity.
The lake is famous for its tree climbing lions, this behavior has been attributed to the torment of biting flies which is minimal while arboreal. The lake attracts thousands of lesser flamingos as well as other large water birds such as pelicans, cormorants and storks. due to its alkaline nature.
Over 400 hundred bird species have been recorded in the park. Game to view include Leopards, lions, elephants, blue monkeys, dik-dik, gazelle, hippo, giraffe, impala, wildebeests and zebras.
The Serengeti National Park is widely regarded as the best wildlife reserve in Africa due to its density of predators and prey. The park covers 14,763 km2 (5,700 sq mi) of grassland plains and savanna as well as riverine forest and woodlands. The park lies in the north of the country, bordered to the north by the national Tanzania and Kenyan border, where it is continuous with the Masai Mara National Reserve.
The park is usually described in three regions Serengeti plains, Western corridor and Northern Serengeti. Serengeti plains are characterized by the endless, almost treeless grasslands. This is where the wildebeest breed, as they remain in the plains from December to May.
Other ungulates also occur in huge numbers during the wet season. Kopjes are granite florations which are very common in the region, and they are great observation posts for predators, as well as a refuge for hyrax and pythons. The Western corridor the “black cotton” soil covers the swampy savannah of this region. Grumeti river is home to enormous Nile crocodiles, colobus monkey, and the martial eagle.
The migration passes through from May to July. The Northern Serengeti landscape is dominated by open woodlands and hills, ranging from Seronera in the South, to the Mara river in the limit with Kenya. Apart from the migratory wildebeest and zebra (which occur from July to August, and in November), the bushy savannah is the best place to find elephant, giraffe and dik dik.
Human habitation is forbidden in the National Park with the exception of staff for TANAPA, researchers, Frankfurt Zoological Society staff, and staff of the various lodges and hotels. The main settlement is Seronera which houses the majority of research staff and the park’s main headquarters, including its primary airstrip.
As well as the migration of ungulates, the park is well known for its healthy stock of other resident wildlife, particularly the “Big Five”. The park also supports many further species, including cheetah, Thomson’s and Grant’s gazelle, topi, eland, waterbuck, hyena, baboon, impala, African wild dog and giraffe.
The park also boasts about 500 bird species, including ostrich, secretary bird, Kori bustard, crowned crane, marabou stork, martial eagle, lovebirds and many species of vultures.
The Ngorongoro conservation area was established in the year 1959 and later become a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The crater is one of the biggest caldera in the world and has been described as one of the most spectacular game hunts in Africa. The crater has a diameter of 14.5km and a depth of 2000ft – 2500ft. The crater covers an area of 264 km2.
The crater highlands on the side facing the easterly trade winds receives 800-1200 mm of rain a year and is covered largely in montane forest, while the less-steep west wall receives only 400-600 mm; this side is grassland and bush land dotted with Euphorbia trees.
The crater floor is mostly open grassland with two small wooded areas dominated by Acacia xanthophloea. The major source of water for the park is Ngoitokitok Spring, Munge Stream and Lerai Stream.
The best vantage point is the flat-topped Engitati Hill in the north-eastern corner of the park. Lake Magadi, a large but shallow alkaline lake in the south-western corner, is the main feature of the crater. A large number of flamingos, hippos and other water birds can usually been seen here.
The Lerai Forest a fever tree forest located in the south is a good place in the park to see animals such as elephants, waterbuck and flitting sunbirds. Swamps, thorn scrub and grassland fill the rest of the park and provide the bulk of wildlife viewing.
The park is one of the most densely crowded wildlife areas in the world and is home to an estimated 30,000 animals. There are no giraffe, topi or impala in the park – they probably find it to difficult to negotiate the crater rim cliffs and there is also insufficient grazing for large herds of antelope, inside the park.
However the park teems with wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, aggressive pack hunting hyenas and resident lion prides. Supported by a year round supply of water and fodder, the park supports a vast variety of animals, which include impressive herds of wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, eland, warthog, hippo, giant elephants and a small population of black rhino.
Another big draw to this picturesque park is it dense population of predators, which include lions, hyenas, jackals, cheetahs and the ever elusive leopard, which sometimes requires a trained eye to spot.
The Ngorongoro Crater is only open from 06h00 to 16h00 and only 6 hour safari permits are issued which allows for only a single 6 hour morning game drive or 6 hour afternoon game drive to the park. There are two picnic and toilet spots – the one in the Lerai Forest and at the other at the Ngoitokitok Springs located in the south-eastern section of the park.
Tarangire National Park lies 118 km southwest of Arusha town and covers an area of 2,850 square kilometers. The name of the park originates from the Tarangire river that crosses through the park, being the only source of water for wild animals during dry seasons.
The Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania after Ruaha, Serengeti, Mikumi, Katavi and Mkomazi. The landscape is composed of scattered baobab trees alternating with open acacia woodlands, open bush, plains, swamps, rivers and palm trees.
The park is famous for its huge number of elephants, baobab trees and its tree climbing pythons. Visitors to the park can expect to see any number of resident zebra and wildebeest in addition to the less common animals. Other common animals include waterbuck, giraffe, and olive baboons.
Home to more than 550 species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts who can expect so see dozens of species even in the dry season. The swamps are the focus of the largest selection of breeding birds anywhere in the world. Yellow-collared Lovebirds are a common bird sighting in the trees along the Tarangire River. The park is also famous for the termite mounds that dot the landscape. Those that have been abandoned are often seen to be home to dwarf mongoose.
Tarangire National Park can be reached via paved road from Arusha in under four hours. Lake Manyara National Park is only a 70 kilometers (43 mile) drive from Tarangire. One can visit the park all year round but the month of June to September are the driest months and wildlife population decreases.
Besides game viewing other activities include Guided walking safaris, day trips to Maasai and Barabaig villages, as well as to the hundreds of ancient rock paintings in the vicinity of Kolo on the Dodoma Road.
- Do not Litter the reserve/park.
- Do not feed the animals, i.e. monkeys or baboons.
- Do give the animals the right of way and do not disturb wildlife.
- Do not take any plant or animals remains, dead or alive.
- Do not start fires or throw cigarettes in the reserve.
- Do stay in your vehicle except at designated viewing points.
- Do not shout, laugh loudly, play radio or cassettes as this will keep away the animals.
- Do not provoke any animals its dangerous.